9 architectural feats of the builders of antiquity
Almost three centuries ago, April 5, 1722, Easter Sunday, the expedition of Admiral Jacob roggeveen discovered the island of Rapa Nui, later called Easter island. The main attraction of the island where he was listed as a UNESCO world heritage site, are stone statues of the moai. Still travelers and scholars admire the skill of the stonemasons of old, who with primitive tools managed to fabricate and install in a place so huge.
However, now the moai can be called “simple remake”, because they were erected between 1250 and 1500 years, and the secret of their installation was opened by scientists in the late twentieth century.
However, throughout the earth there are the older buildings, the construction of which can be equated to feat. It is these ancient wonders of architecture and decided to explore the site of the “RIA real Estate “.
Probably, it is hard today to imagine how 12 thousand years ago people knew no more wheels, could erect such buildings as temples of Göbekli Tepe in southeastern Turkey.
They are circles with a diameter of up to 30 meters, made of polished and perfectly fitted to each other stones. Inside these circles there are columns of T-shape 3-metrowealth with carved figures.
Date of construction of Stonehenge – mehanicheskogo facilities in England is still uncertain and according to different sources varies between 3200 and 1650 BC
It is still unclear how the builders managed to install the megalith weighing about 25 tons, but still lay on top of the jumper.
It is impossible to remember the feats of the ancient builders, and do not say about the pyramids of Giza. Built about 4.5 thousand years ago, they still evoke the interest of the scientific community, which devotes a whole volume to the research methods of their construction.
The average weight of the stone blocks of the pyramid of Cheops is 2.5 tons, and the heaviest stone block above the entrance to the “chamber of Tsar” weighs about 35 tons.
However, in some ancient monuments affects not only the size and the weight of their construction materials, but also the amazing accuracy of engineering calculations. For example, the builders of the giant tombs of Newgrange, part of a complex of brú na bóinne in Ireland, with delicate precision was able to calculate the location and size of the window over the entrance, which in the days of the winter solstice penetrate the rays of the rising sun and completely illuminate the inner chamber.
And this is surprising, because the tomb dates back to 2500 BC when no high-tech devices and devices not yet existed.
Construction feat of our ancestors is also in the enviable tenacity, after all, how much patience and dedication one must have to start construction in the III century BC and keep it until 1644. It is this period of time it took to build the great wall of China. By the way, now seems incomprehensible is the fact that in the construction of this wonder of the world was involved one fifth of the population of the country, there are about a million people. An incredible scope of work, even by modern standards.
Really amaze travelers and scientists stone blocks of gigantic size and weighing up to 1 thousand tons, which lie at the base of the ancient city of Baalbek in Lebanon.
In I-III centuries on the site of Heliopolis (the city’s name at the time) were built many Roman temples. However, colossal megaliths in their Foundation much older. We can only guess, as the builders of antiquity produced, and most importantly, moved such huge megaliths.