Ancient underground structures
Many underground buildings of the Chudov monastery remained undefeated
Under the Ivanovo area of the Kremlin in Moscow are undefeated numerous underground buildings of the Chudov monastery, the restoration of which was expressed on the eve of President Vladimir Putin, said in an interview with RIA Novosti, the official representative of the Federal guard service of the Russian Federation, doctor of historical Sciences, Professor Sergei Devyatov.
Putin on Thursday, 31 July, proposed a plan of reforms within the territory of the Moscow Kremlin, in particular, to restore two of the monastery and Chudov and Voznesensky Church, located on the site of the 14th corps of the Kremlin to the 1930-th year. They were destroyed during the Soviet period for the construction of the administrative building.
“Regardless of what the decision will be made, making this idea for discussion – the event in itself is quite symbolic, really bright, because it is a unique monument. The Chudov monastery was considered one of the most revered monasteries in the Russian state” . said Devyatov, who also heads the Department of history of Russia of XX-XXI centuries historical faculty of Moscow state University.
The destruction of the monastery and Voznesensky, called then Starodevichy and the Maly Nikolayevsky Palace, he said, “it was a difficult and harrowing episode in the history of the Moscow Kremlin in the XX century” .
“In the place where was built the 14th corps, most likely, not have survived even the ancient underground structures – they bezvozvratno. However, many underground buildings of the Chudov monastery, including the foundations of two churches, the Metropolitan’s house, the brethren’s cells remain under the Ivanovo area” . said Devyatov.
Most likely here, he said, “will be found the graves of the famous Orthodox bishops, which, by existing for centuries tradition was buried in the monastery” .
“Under the Ivanovo area are huge amounts of archaeological material, Dating back at least to the 14th century” . – added the official representative of the FSO.
Recent excavations carried out here in 1995. Then was discovered the tomb of Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich, who was killed in the attack by Nikolskaya tower of the Kremlin. His remains were reburied in the family vault of the Romanovs in Moscow. “Excavation system but neither then nor previously has not been carried out” . – said Devyatov.
“So, no matter what the decision will be made and how will the coordination with UNESCO, conduct excavations at the Ivanovskaya square is a stunning scientific interest” . – he considers.
The official representative of the FSO emphasized that the Agency engaged in ensuring the security of the Kremlin as the residence of the first persons of Russia “will render all necessary assistance” as the excavation and reconstruction of historical and cultural relics.
Cathedral of Chudov monastery, situated in the Eastern part of the Kremlin on the Ivanovo area, was destroyed in 1929-1930. According to the legend, this monastery, built in 1365, ran the notorious monk defrocked Grigory otrepyev (false Dmitry 1). In 1612 the monastery was umorennyh hunger Patriarch Hermogenes. During the reign of Catherine the Second in the monastery were brought to the Church archives and the utensils of the Krutitsy monastery and other monasteries abolished. In 1812 it was the headquarters of Napoleon and some of his guards regiments. In the Chudov monastery contains the tombs of many historical figures – the metropolitans and representatives of the princely and boyar families.
The ascension convent in the Moscow Kremlin was near Spasskaya tower and almost adjoined the Kremlin wall. According to legend, it was founded by the wife of Dmitry Donskoy probably in 1386. In the middle ages the monastery was used as a residence for Royal fiancees prior to the wedding, and also served as the burial place of the representatives of the Moscow Grand-Ducal family.
14 in the administrative building of the Kremlin until 2007, when he began his reconstruction, located units of the presidential administration. Currently the building is almost demolished.
Since 1991 the Moscow Kremlin is one of the historical and cultural world heritage sites by UNESCO.