In the South-East of Tuva, almost on the border with Mongolia, at an altitude of 1300 meters there is one of the most beautiful and mysterious places of Siberia – lake Tere-Khol.
In 1891, an employee of the Minusinsk Museum Dmitry Klements, anthropologist and ethnographer, who was in exile in Siberia for people with activities, organized an expedition to study Northern Mongolia and Uryankhai region. In early may, the researchers were in Tuva village Kungurtug.
Finding the conductor, D. Klements told him that he was going to move to the West. A local resident began to talk to Dmitry from this venture, on the grounds that there is, three hours is a lake, which is guarded by fearsome spirits. Such information is highly interested in the scientist, and the next morning, refusing the services of a guide, scared, travelers moved in the direction where he hoped to discover the mysterious of the lake.
According to the memoirs of D. Clemenza, about two-thirds of the way, they overcame quite quickly. When the lake was only a mile or two, the group began to have problems, if some invisible force was unwilling to admit strangers to the treasured place. So, one of the horses, a pause of a fallen cedar tree, broke his leg. Each Clemenza D. I. Shaidurov fell into a deep pit, concealed by bushes, and has received numerous scratches and bruises. When speredakos rare thickets seemed yellowish surface of the lake, loaded the horses stopped and is not in any wish to move further.
Then the researchers, leaving a traction force together with supplies, came to low light, unattractive and dotted with numerous hillocks of the shore. Before the Braves stretched the cloudy mirror large pond in the middle of which they saw an island, and on it stand the ruins of a building.
What is hiding in the muddy water.
In addition to the troops of D. Clemenza, two more expeditions visited this amazing place, which whenever presented researchers with new secrets and riddles, the answer to which is not so far. In particular, traveller Ferdinand Ossendowski related heard from one of the aboriginal legend about that until about the seventeenth century on the site of the lake was dried-up valley winds with Chinese fortified fortress in the center. One day the commandant of the fortress was insulted by the local Lama and he cursed the inhabitants of the military settlement. On the same day in the valley began to beat underground keys, which in a few hours flooded the area, killing many soldiers of the Emperor of China.
This legend already in 80-ies of the last century has confirmed one of the hypotheses of Soviet scientists.
They suggested that the Tere-Khol lake has an artificial origin – about a thousand years ago in order to ensure the security of the fortress constructed its creators militant Uighurs have flooded the valley.
The shamans of the village Kungurtug who consider themselves guardians of the lake, from generation to generation, passed the legend of the Lama Bachi is an amazing man who lived as if not less than five hundred years on mount Kagege in “fire Yurt”. According to ancient legend, the elder of the Bachi on the will of the spirits guarding hidden at the bottom of the lake entrance to the underworld. Lama possessed marvelous abilities: can walk on bare feet on the surface of the Terre-Grooming, levitate and turn into a wolf, lynx and sturgeon. Once on the Bachi, meditate on the shore, was attacked by a detachment of warriors from the tribe uchikov. One of the attackers swung at the elder blade, and at the same moment the Lama stretched forth his hands to the sky: hit the thunder, and after this the soldiers turned into stone immediately disappeared in the waters of the lake. Bachi himself, saddened by the belligerence of people went to the underworld. This legend is echoed by the results of the scan sonar coastal areas and lake bottom. Work took place in the 1980-ies and confirmed the presence of stone-built coastal ridges, and mysterious holes in three kilometers from the island of Por-Bajin, which is the examination of the bottom by divers to detect and failed.
Secrets of the stronghold
Ruins of clay fortress on the island of Por-Bajin for the past hundreds of years are of interest of scientists. The citadel is a regular rectangle with a confusing maze of buildings that resemble Buddhist mandala (sacred schematic illustration or design, used in Buddhist and Hindu religious practices).
Studies historians and archaeologists have shown that the fortress was built in the VIII century Uighurs, joined in while your Kaganate South of Tuva and the territory of the Sayan-Altai. However, this conclusion it is not moved. The subject matter of the dispute is still the destination of architectural buildings, the remains of which are preserved on the island. These buildings can be attributed to the Palace complex, and for a temple.
In the 50-ies of XX century members of the archaeological expedition discovered on the island of fragments of the aqueduct – perhaps one of the most ancient on the planet. The walls of the complex of fortifications were full of intricate characters that, as was established later had an important esoteric meaning and in many ways resembled the characters found in the ancient cities of the Maya civilization…. At the beginning of this Millennium Irkutsk researcher Igor Vladimirovich Berdnikov suggested that the buildings of the temple complex of Por-Bajin reproduced map of the sky, imitating precisely the outlines of the constellations of the zodiac. This gave the scientist the idea that the island once housed an ancient Observatory.
It is a fortress Por-Bajin the local population are associated with a legend about an underground tunnel that you can walk the whole Earth and in which, supposedly, a huge treasure hidden rulers – the founders of the once-powerful Uighur khanate. Indeed, in the last century when studying the mysterious island, archaeologists have repeatedly encountered the littered and dilapidated entrances to dungeons, to get to that not yet managed to anyone. According to scientists, the fortress was killed in a RAID of the enemy in the middle of the eighteenth century, and its inhabitants shortly before his death managed to hide wealth in underground hiding places.
Gate to Shambhala
For centuries, tribal elders who lived along the shores of lake Tere-Khol, claimed that the island is the Northern gateway to the famous Shambhala. Local legends abound with reports of mysterious strangers “in a beautiful glittering dress” coming from the Islands people and predicting their fate, and also prevents against hasty and risky actions. The legend says that until the middle of the X century shamans who felt the approach of imminent death, there was a ceremony when they boarded the boat and swam forever to the island.
The uriyangkhai in this case it was said that the shamans went to “the radiant world”.
In 1970-1980-ies on the lake there was a fishing artel, which workers became witnesses of unexplained phenomena.
In particular, in the summer of 1981 the boat, in which sat a fisherman Consum Mongush–ool, in clear windless weather was picked up suddenly arose a whirlpool. In a few minutes the fisherman brought to the island and with the wooden ship was abandoned in a dark cave, going deep into the Tere-Grooming and half filled with water. Suddenly, somewhere far away inside the grotto dawned milky white light, growing with each passing second. On the background of its radiance began to appear silhouettes that seemed to be floating in the air. Simultaneously, some unknown force began to pull the fisherman inside the grotto.
Coming to his senses, Donsum began feverishly working the oars, and soon emerged on the mirror smooth surface of the lake.
…In our day hundreds of tourists visit every year on Tere-Khol lake, to admire the amazing beauty of this reserved space, to touch the rich history, distinctive traditions of the peoples of Central Asia and listen to dozens of legends about the lake, giving rise to the great Siberian river Yenisei.