Main themes of Gothic ornament
Significant role in the image of the Gothic temple played, the ornament, in large numbers adorning the stone walls outside and inside, the wooden paneling of the lower tiers of the interior and the speakers of their furniture, temple utensils of wood, silver, ivory and other materials.
In the middle Ages there are a few ornamental motifs inspired by the architectural elements. First of all, it’s borrowed from the Arab architecture of the pointed arch, which became a fundamental decorative element. It is linked harmoniously with the turret-pinnacle, which is a kind of small model of the Gothic temple.
Continue to use the converted ancient and Byzantine motifs, but along with them are biased towards new themes. Earlier rectilinear geometric shapes moving in a curvilinear weave.
In addition to the geometric ornament and the play of forms-arches, triangles and spherical quadrangles was widely used plant forms of local flora: grape leaves, thistles, oak, ivy, clover, roses, and more.
If in the early middle Ages widespread motive of the trefoil and dvuletnee, then later began to use forms of prickly plants, thorns, thistles, ferns and more.
Business cartucciaricariche Gothic. along with the vaulted ceiling, are the vaults of castles and gargoyles, Guruji. The subjects of their decorations are very diverse. Here you can see a human head, individual figures, scenes from the Bible side by side with centaurs and sirens. Also the leaves of grapes, leaves and rose flowers, human faces, turning into leaves, and the leaves transitioning into the faces, from the album of Villars de Oncura. The drains in the churches was carried out in the form of monsters, with gaping animal jaws, and sometimes in the form of a human. the Most prominent example: the gargoyles of Notre Dame.
In Gothic architecture tracery ornament, executed in stone.
In the middle Ages, floors were paved with ceramic tiles, which were frequently decorated with ornament. Basically the tile was square, sometimes rectangular or hexagonal shape. The ornament was made by combining lines of the pattern of individual tiles. In the French churches the decoration of the floor was in the form of a labyrinth, by which the parishioners were moved on his knees, praying. It was an imitation of pilgrimage. Best-known labyrinths are circular in Chartres and Amiens cathedrals. Rarely is a complicated labyrinth laid out simple form of a rose.