On the territory of Sofia Kiev archaeologists have discovered an ancient man-made cave
In social networks there appeared a version that found the legendary library of Yaroslav the Wise. But, unfortunately, this is unlikely to be confirmed
In late October, the “FACTS” talked about the excavations on the territory of Sofia Kiev remnants of the temple the beginning of the XI century, one of the most probable versions, built in honor of Saint Irene is the patron Saint of the wife of Prince Yaroslav the Wise Swedish Princess Ingigerda. It was one of the first stone Church of Kievan Rus. Last week, archaeologists have again invited us there to show an unexpected find — an ancient cave.
— We have started canning for the winter excavation (in one place had to remove a little more soil) and suddenly came across a small hole, and when he lowered the camera with a flash, I saw in the pictures — there is a dungeon, ‘ says archeologist, candidate of historical Sciences Timur Bobrovsky . — Expanded the hole in this cave, crawled inside. She was found partially — to a height of one meter is filled with soil, and crumbled from the ceiling and walls. Come, view.
*Timur Bobrovsky: “At the bottom of the graves of the eleventh century we came across the hole, down a camera with a flash, and saw in the pictures that there is an underground passage”
The metal ladder down into the rectangular pit.
Right now we are in the ancient tomb, located near the walls of the temple of the XI century, says Timur Anatolevich. — Incidentally, this burial has become an archaeological sensation. In fact, before science were known sarcophagi of stone and brick (early Prince), and here is the tomb made of logs. For many centuries the tree has decayed, but it had marks on the walls of the grave. In this sarcophagus was buried such an important and respected figure, over her burial after a time erected the annexe, adjacent to the Church. In fact, until we researched the foundations of this Annex and directly excavations of the temple going to do in the coming year.
— Where is the entrance to the cave?
— Now see, — said the archaeologist, raising lying on the bottom of the pit a piece of plywood, and revealed a rather large hole in the ground. — You may wear helmets and take turns to go down to this move.
We did just that. Climbing into the cave and saw the hanging from the arches of the roots of plants. Any recesses in the walls were observed. The bottom of the dungeon is covered with a thick layer of clay, pass it forward except on all fours or on all fours.
— Clearing the cave will do next summer, and then determine where it begins, continues Timur Bobrovsky. — While followed her for six meters. But, it’s possible that this underground structure is much longer. I hope to find at its bottom the things that will help you to find out when and why it was dug.
But would not this move is legendary in the library of Prince Yaroslav the Wise, which archaeologists have been searching unsuccessfully for many generations?
— Know information about this dungeon has already hit the social network, and people also expressed such an assumption. Unfortunately, it is unlikely it will be confirmed: in the cave is quite humid, so there was no point hiding the books — they quickly start to develop mold. By the way, social networks can read and humorous version. It is based on the fact that the temple we unearthed was probably the centre of the convent, and opposite was St. George’s Church (built in honor of the patron Saint of Yaroslav the Wise — St. George), where there was a monastery. Here are funny and wrote in the comments that, maybe, between these monasteries there was a secret underground passage.
Seriously, on the territory of Sofia monastery known economic cellars of XVI—XVII centuries. It is possible that our present finding is similar underground structure of the same period.
— It may be something to do with the Church of the XI century, the foundations of which you started to dig?
— Hardly. In Orthodox architecture, there are no traditions to create any underground facilities at churches (though she was among early Christians and was passed to the Catholics). Another thing is that in the underground cells monks used to live. However, be aware that they found this secluded, away from the city. Those in princely times Kiev Pechersk were a Zoo, where there was cave monasteries, and St. Sophia monastery in that period was in the territory of the city, so it is unlikely that there was setting up underground cells.
— Archaeologists found a treasure in the dungeons of ancient Kyiv?
— Of course. The last such discovery was made in 2002 on the street Big Zhitomir. There, scientists have discovered the economic cellar of the XII—XIII centuries, at the door of which was a treasure of gold women’s jewelry. It probably hid some of the people of Kiev during the siege of the city by the hordes of Batu Khan in 1240. Get the jewels, there was no one — the owner must be dead.
The most famous of the finds made in the Kiev caves, is called Varangian treasure. Found him around the end of XI — beginning of XII centuries in the caves of Kiev Pechersk Lavra monks Vasilii and Fedor. To avoid the temptation to use the wealth, they re-hid the treasure in caves. The Prince demanded to give him, but the monks refused. These hermits don’t give away the secret even under torture, he was martyred. Then the Church has canonized them canonized.
*Timur A. said that the Church, which was built on this place in XI century, probably called Irene — in honor of the patron Saint of the wife of Yaroslav the Wise Swedish Princess Ingigerda. Visible in the background are the Metropolitan house, followed by the domes of St Sophia of Kyiv
— As many in Kiev ancient dungeons?
— About three hundred. These buildings are created from the XI to the XIX century, inclusive. Some of them were cut, to be able to sneak out beyond the defensive walls of the city. I should say that since the time of Yaroslav the Wise, Kiev was surrounded by an earthen wall, over which was erected a wall of wood. These fortifications took place from the Golden gate to present the Lviv square, walked along the hillside to the place where St. Andrew’s Church. From there down to modern Maidan Nezalezhnosti, where there were Lyadsky gate, and went up to the Golden gate. By the way, the Prorizna street was so named due to the fact that at the time of its creation in the mid-nineteenth century, it cut the old shaft.
At the end of the XVII century at the cave began to build the fortress. For the secret exit beyond it also paved underground passage. In the near century fortifications of Kiev began to create a special dungeon called auditory. Then began the era of so-called mine war. It was a new way of taking fortresses: the besiegers made a tunnel to get under the ground to the walls, lay there barrels of gunpowder and detonate them. As a result, the wall collapsed, and is allowed to enter the city. In order to prevent this, those who held the Fort, dug the auditory passages, in which during the siege had a special people — the listener: they sounds determined where is the tunnel.