Rama’s bridge is an ancient structure or natural formation?
Rama’s bridge is a chain of small coral Islands and shoals in the Strait Bolkcom length of about 50 km, linking the southern coast of India with the island of Sri Lanka, the former Ceylon. The Hindus then and now, consider bridge Frame made structure, built by Rama in ancient times, he now is a sacred place.
The bridge Frame on the ancient map of Ceylon from the Atlas of Ptolemy.
In the area of the bridge Frame between the Islands — unexplained and sudden upwelling from depths of 10-12 m to 1-0. 5 m, so that the bridge can take being noticeable in the water waist-deep, and to sail on small boats (only Strait between the Cape and the island Ramnad Ramesvar, the so-called pass Bambas available for small ships). The actual bridge length of 30 km stretches from the island of Pamban (another of his name to Rameshwaram — the place of God Rama) in the South-Western coast of Tamil Nadu in India to the island of Mannar off the Northwest coast of Sri Lanka.
18 km South-East of Rameshwaram on the long sandy spit once stood the city Dhanushkodi, which in 1964 was completely destroyed by the cyclone. After the cyclone has survived only one Church Kothandaramaswamy, near which the Frame of the enemies surrendered him prisoner and spit in the area at the bottom of the sea lies another unknown temple to which there is no information. From this point begins the Bridge of the Frame.
Discussion about artificial natural bridge, erupted after the government of India in 2001, decided to destroy the bridge and make Polski Strait shipping, which will save 30 hours of sailing around the Islands (around 400 km). The channel is here suggested in 1850 an Englishman, commander Taylor, and in 1955 this plan wanted to make Jawaharlal Nehru. But the sacred place his own people to destroy something unethical, so the government of India in the Supreme court of India has stated that there is no historical evidence of construction of bridge by Rama (the Ramayana, though the Holy book, but, of course, does not count).
The monkeys build a Bridge Frame. March 27, 2007, a group of international NGOs has launched a campaign SaveRamSethu (save Rama’s Bridge) to rescue the Bridge Frame (27 March — the birthday of Rama). For Hindus Rama’s Bridge is a living proof of their ancient history, and the ongoing construction affected the feelings of millions of believers.
Opponents of the construction claim that the destruction of the bridge will affect the entire local ecosystem. From the North-East side of the bridge — the turbulent and dangerous Polski Bay to storms and cyclones. From the South-West side is a quiet Mannar Bay with the clearest turquoise water. Rama’s bridge these two different parts of the Bay and softens the terrible consequences of cyclones and tsunamis: according to scientists, the tsunami which struck India and killed tens of thousands of lives in 2004 was considerably weakened by the axle Frame, otherwise the victims would have been even more. SaveRamSethu the appeal was signed by thousands of people.
The defenders of the Bridge Frame offer to take another project the route of the canal without damaging the ancient structure: dig it on the big sandbank near the village of Mandapam. Will they be heard by the Indian government, it is not clear, but the Madras High court in 2007 decided that Rama’s Bridge is an artificial structure.
Pictures taken by the space Agency NASA a few years ago, has added fuel to the fire — they clearly show this bridge, although NASA and said that the pictures do not give specific information about the origin or age of a chain of Islands. But Indian newspaper HindustanTimes reported that NASA images are proof of the reality of Indian tales.
Geological survey of India (GSI) examined the entire structure of the bridge Frame. Near the bridge was drilled 100 wells, soil samples of which have been carefully studied. Was carried out bathymetric and magnetic scanning. The studies revealed that low ridge (the bridge) in the width from 1.6 to 4 km, is an anomaly, because suddenly emerges from the side of the Bay of Bengal. The ridge is an accumulation of boulders the size 1,5×2,5 m of the correct form, consisting of limestone, sand and coral. These boulders lie on the sand of the sea, the thickness of which is from 3 to 5 m and only then begins the hard ground. The presence of free sand below the boulders, obviously, indicates that the ridge is not a natural formation, and is laid on top of sandy soil. Some of the boulders are so light that can float on water.
It was also found that the land was not raised as a result of any geological processes and more like a dam. In the wells was detected homogeneous material — limestone. Rectilinear and well-ordered stacking also suggests that these boulders were someone brought and laid in the dam. The opinions of scholars, as usual, was divided about age, and about the origin of the bridge. Well, for legends and myths often hide the reality, and Schliemann found Troy because, contrary to the opinion of scholars believe Homer!
Yet, despite the public outcry, the Sethusamudram Corporation began construction work at the future site of the channel, but for unknown reasons, some dredges were returned to the port due to breakage, were also broken bucket teeth. Unexpected for this time the storm swept the court and not allowed to continue work. Faithful Hindus at once said that it was monkey King Hanuman protects his creation.
Rama’s bridge (RamasetuSetu or Setubandha) from Sanskrit translates as artificial embankment, in the ancient sources and in Ramayana it is also referred to as the bridge of Nala and how Sacred the dam, and in the Tamil version of the Ramayana the Sacred dam a whole Chapter. Mention of the construction of the bridge Frame is not only in Ramayana but also in all the Puranas (Hindu Holy books) and in the Mahabharata.
In the Atlas of Schwartzberg (p. 38) on the map of India period 1290-1390, BC Rama’s bridge is referred to as Setubandha (Artificial embankment), for many centuries he has been well known to geographers and travellers, and even Marco Polo (1254-1324.) described it in his book IL MILIONE (the Million).
According to old maps, until 1480, the bridge was a pedestrian and was completely above water, and people went from India to Sri Lanka, which confirms the ancient map of Ptolemy. Then the bridge was destroyed by the earthquake and tsunami. After the earthquake, the bridge fell into the water about 1-1,2 m, and in one place formed gap bridge, which now must be overcome by swimming. There is also another name of bridge that was used by the British, who India, Adam’s bridge, is the name given to the bridge the Muslims. According to Arab legend, when Adam was expelled from Paradise, God put him on the island of Ceylon, and on these shoals then Adam moved to the mainland.