The Architecture Of London
The architecture of London is presented in all styles from Norman to postmodernism. Many of the medieval buildings, however, has not survived, mainly because of the Great fire of 1666, which destroyed over 13,000 buildings and air bombardment during the Second world war.
Norman architecture in England brought William the Conqueror. The Norman style has not spread beyond the limits of the conquest, but was actively used in the Duchy. The structures of this style in the famous London tower, which was initiated by William and was many times added the other kings.
XIII century was a century early English Gothic. One of the brightest examples of this style is the Westminster Abbey. Other samples of this period in London have not survived. Following the early the era of the decorated English Gothic, but her examples in modern London, not, as examples of vertical Gothic — Gothic of the third period of English architecture.
Tudor period has logically completed the middle ages. Architecture Tudor similar to Gothic, but with significant changes like deep and high Windows. Chapel of Henry VII at Westminster and HAMPTON court in Richmond-upon-Thames — monuments of architecture of the Tudor period.
In the second half of XVII — beginning of XVIII century on change to it the Tudor architecture of the English Baroque, although the first buildings in this style appeared in 1630-ies, when in London he worked one of the most famous English architects Inigo Jones. Now the building, Proektirovanie Jones, did not cause much excitement, but we must remember that for those times they were bold, innovative ideas. Inigo Jones — the architect of such buildings as the banqueting hall in Whitehall and the famous Opera house in Covent garden.
In the second half of the XVII century to replace Jones came Christopher Wren. It was he who planned the reconstruction of London after the Great fire. In addition, Wren has designed hospitals in Greenwich and Chelsea, the famous St. Paul’s Cathedral and a few dozen buildings.
Georgian architecture, an era which came in the middle of the eighteenth century, was broadly in line with European classicism. It is clear form and proportion. This period is not represented in London some famous buildings in the Georgian style built many residential and administrative buildings of the city. It is worth noting the Church, designed by Nicholas Hawksmoor, the Palace of Somerset house (sir William chambers) and entertainment center “Pantheon” in Oxford street architect James Wyatt.
The nineteenth century differs from the previous variety of styles. In the neo-Gothic key built the famous Parliament house with the towers of big Ben and Victoria on it; in the classical style worked in the famous John Nash, the author of the complex Trafalgar square, Buckingham Palace and Marble arch; Westminster Cathedral is an example of neo-Byzantine style, the Crystal Palace also relates to an industrial style.
In the twentieth century appeared in the city skyscrapers: the Lloyd’s building in the city, the complex of Canary Warf in the Docklands. At the end of last and beginning of this century the leading British architect was Norman foster, who built London skyscraper Swiss (“Cucumber”) and new city hall, the city hall building.