The attraction of the Gothic quarter
It starts at Placa Nova, which once it was possible to enter the territory of the Roman settlement “Barsine”, where began to Barcelona. Gothic it was called in the beginning of XX century, because it is here that the architectural ensemble of buildings stood in perfect harmony and deserved the most attention. But sometimes it is also called “Cathedral”, through the pearl of the quarter — the Cathedral of Barcelona (la Catedral), to amazing look sumptuous Gothic façade.
Inside the Cathedral there is a courtyard, open to the public. Here in one of the chapels live white geese. According to the Catalans, white of these birds symbolizes the purity of Saint Eulalia, patroness of Barcelona. Eulalia was only 13 years old when she died at the hands of the Gentiles, and because geese here exactly 13.
Two Roman towers is the only protection of the city from II to XIII century – the entrance is directly in the Gothic quarter, i.e., in fortification, referred to in medieval texts as Mons Taber. This, almost untouched the heart of the old town with its ensemble and a maze of winding streets, would have done credit to any European city.
To the right of the Roman towers is the Episcopal Palace. One of the three facades of the Palace overlooks the famous Bishop street,which is the heart of the Barri Gotic, which runs along the side facade of the Cathedral and comes to the Plaza de San Jaume. Approximately center on this beautiful street spanned by an elegant bridge, that not only is the attraction of the street, but also performs a functional role by joining the Government Palace with the official facade of the House of Canons. The bridge represents a masterpiece of Gothic art in miniature, was made in 1926, Hans the Rubió.
The house of the Canons is a large building of irregular plan, built in the XIV century and recently restored; one of its facades overlooks Carrer paradís. There are several medieval buildings that are open to the public, which, in addition to Catalan and tour center, are the remains of a Roman temple dedicated to Augustus, V. II: four powerful installed on the podium Corinthian columns with the entablature and the architrave. The temple stood on the highest point of the Roman colony “Barsine,” but on top of the mountain Taber. On the right side of the street Carrer del Bisbe Irurita, in the direction from the Nova Plaza to the Gothic bridge, is a narrow lane leading to a small, cozy and hidden from prying eyes area. This Plaza de San Felip Neri, a quiet area, with a modest fountain in the centre and dominates the square simple and strict building of the Church of San Felip Neri, built in the XVIII century.
B the Gothic quarter of Barcelona coexist remains of the city’s Roman and medieval complex of buildings — witness the brilliant past, was for five hundred years the residence of the Catalan monarchy. The historic center of the Gothic quarter — the area of the King — a marvel of Gothic and the scene of countless daily events of Barcelona’s history. In the XV century in the Gothic quarter was built the city hall and the Catalan government. The hall was later rebuilt, but the side of the building remained part of the Gothic decoration with the coat of arms of Barcelona. At the entrance to the town hall are two of the monument to Jaume I, in the XIII century established in Barcelona city Council, and J. Peveler, made in the XVI century court nobility to pay taxes. Opposite the town hall is the Palace of the government of Catalonia. The facade was rebuilt in the Renaissance style. Over the main entrance is placed a statue of the patron Saint of Catalonia is Saint George defeating the dragon.
Noteworthy Gothic chapel of Sant Jordi, wonderful Naranjos courtyard and the bell tower of the XVI century. The house of the archdeacon built on the Foundation of the building of the XII century, and later a gallery was added and a small courtyard with a fountain. Now here is the archive. Worthy of attention and two museums of the Gothic quarter: history Museum and Museum of sculptor Frederic Mares.