The Gothic quarter of Barcelona
The Gothic quarter of Barcelona (Barri Gòtic) is the historical center of the city, preserved almost unchanged since Medieval times. In a stately building directly influenced Renaissance and neoclassical, but some buildings still stand on Roman foundations. Due to the fact that this district stands the Cathedral, also called Cathedral. The modern name — the Gothic quarter — appeared about a century ago, is officially registered in the 20-ies of XX century. Nova Plaza (Placa Nova) — this is the beginning of the quarter, medieval market square,
arose in the XIV century. Then the center was surrounded by a Roman wall and Roman towers, of which today we can still see. Another attraction of the Plaza Nova remnants of the aqueduct. Opposite him is a visual “poem” in the form of the word Barcino (the first name of the city), created by the artist Hans of Bross.
All in the same square is the Episcopal Palace of the Baroque era with its magnificent Baroque façade. A majestic building built on the ancient foundations of the Roman era, and contrasts with more modern home of the College of Architects. This structure refers to the beginning of the twentieth century, the frieze of the facade acquired its appearance due to the special style of Picasso.
The archdeacon’s house (Casa de l Ardiaca)Louis Disply is another jewel of the Plaza Nova. The back wall of the Casa del Ardiaca is the Roman wall. The Foundation of the building belongs to the same era, the ensemble consists of one of the towers of the Roman era. The Gothic quarter in Barcelona, despite a name that speaks, began to build in the beginning of our era, and the house of the archdeacon refers to the beginning of the second Millennium. Since then, the building was repeatedly reconstructed, which explains the presence of elements in Gothic and Renaissance style.
Exquisite courtyard to the upper terrace and the fountain belongs to the XVI century, so the influence of the Renaissance here the most. One of the newest parts is the mailbox in 1895, organized in a modernist style at the request of the Bar Association. Three swallows it is the independence of justice, tortoise — bureaucracy. At the moment Casa del Ardiaca is the repository for the city archives.
The Gothic quarter and Barcelona has and main streets. One of them is Carrer del Bisbe (Carrer del Bisbe), linking the key square of the Catalan capital: the Plaza de Sant Jaume (plaça de Sant Jaume) and Plaza Nova.
Plaza de Sant Jaume is historically the centre of political life in Roman times was the Forum. Its large-scale reconstruction was completed in 1823, part of the change was the appearance of the shopping street Carrer Ferran (Carrer Ferran). Interest are located near the ruins of the temple of Augustus (I century).
The Gothic quarter in Barcelona is the seat of government. On the Plaza de Sant Jaume is located the town Hall and other administrative buildings, including the House of Canons and the Palace of the Government, United neo-Gothic bridge of 1926 the work of Joan Rubió.
Amazing House of the Canons is a beautiful home decorating Gothic Quarter. One looks at the facade of the Carrer Paradis (Carrer Paradis). The street is notable for the fact that in the end there is the four Corinthian columns that once belonged to the temple of Augustus. Now they adorn a small medieval courtyard.
The Gothic quarter in Barcelona is famous due to the medieval ensembles of the Royal square (Plaça del Rei). On the Plaza del Rei stands the Grand Palace, the former in XIII-XV centuries the residence of the counts of Barcelona. The construction of the building began in the eleventh century, so it is designed in Gothic and Romanesque styles without Renaissance elements.
The most stunning part of the Palace is inside a huge throne room. The visible parts of the ensemble are the chapel of St. Agatha, built in the XIV century on the ruins of the Roman walls, and the tower of king martí, referring to the year 1555. The chapel of Sant’agata, the famous Gothic image of the Constable.
In the Gothic Quarter should come to see the Palace of the Viceroy (Palau del Lloctinent), Palau-del-Lloctinent. Renaissance building, restored in the XIX century, is the repository of the archives of the kings of Aragon.
Finally the Gothic quarter in Barcelona surprises with Casa Clariana-Padellas (Casa Clariana-Padellàs) containing the Museum of the history of the Catalan capital. Here you can see ruins of buildings of the ancient Roman era, located under the Square of the King. Part of the Museum is a fragment of the Foundation of the temple, built by the Visigoths in the time of his reign.