The most modern buildings.
At the beginning of August 2017, there are 95 ultra-high skyscrapers in the world. Architects around the world are trying to surpass previous achievements. With the development of technologies, the invention of modern building materials and the creation of fundamentally new structures, it became possible to erect buildings above 300 meters. Until the 19th century, increasing the height of buildings meant thickening the walls, which had to support the weight of the structure. Creating elevators and metal frames for walls freed the hands of architects and engineers. Now the tallest buildings in the world are striking in their grandeur and technical novelty.
2017 was a record year for the construction of skyscrapers, according to Designtalk. Last year, the construction of 144 skyscrapers with a height of more than 200 meters was completed. Tall buildings appeared in 69 cities in 23 countries, which is significantly more than in 2016 (54 cities and 18 countries).
Burj Khalifa, Dubai (UAE)
The tallest buildings in the world. Burj Khalifa.
Burj Khalifa (Arabic for “tower of the Khalifa”) is the tallest building in the world. Its height is 828 meters, with 180 meters falling on the spire. Construction of the skyscraper began in 2004. The average speed of construction is 1-2 floors per week. The Foundation of the Burj Khalifa is not fixed in the rock. The Foundation of the building used hanging piles with a length of 45 m and a diameter of 1.5 m. There are about 200 such piles in total. The shape of the building is asymmetric to reduce the effect of swaying from the wind. Four thousand people took part in the construction. The construction of the skyscraper lasted for 5 years.
The 163-storey building is equipped with boutiques, swimming pools, luxury apartments, hotels and observation platforms. The complex has 900 apartments and 56 elevators. In this case, only the service Elevator goes from the first floor to the last. Residents and visitors of the skyscraper have to move between floors with transfers. The building is finished with tinted glass thermal panels that reduce the heating of the premises inside (in Dubai, there are temperatures above 50 °C), which reduces the need for air conditioning.
Shanghai tower, Shanghai (China)
The tallest buildings in the world. The Shanghai tower.
This skyscraper is the tallest in Asia. Its height is 632 meters. Construction of the Shanghai tower began in 2008 and was fully completed in 2015. The building consists of nine cylindrical sections stacked on top of each other. The entire skyscraper has double walls, in the space between which at the level of the joints of sections there are atriums where flowers and trees are planted. The empty space between the walls keeps the interior cool in summer and warm in winter.
The skyscraper houses office space, entertainment and shopping centers, a luxury hotel and cultural spaces. The tower also has underground floors where Parking and exits to metro stations are located. Next to the skyscraper are the Jin Mao tower and the Shanghai world financial center.
Royal clock tower hotel, Mecca (Saudi Arabia)
The tallest buildings in the world. Royal clock tower hotel»
The hotel is part of the Abraj al-Bayt high-rise complex. It is the largest structure in the world by mass, and it is also the tallest structure in Saudi Arabia. The construction of the complex lasted for 8 years and was fully completed in 2012.
The clock on the tower of the hotel.
At the top of the tower is a huge clock with a diameter of 43 meters (the length of the hour hand is 17 meters, the minute — 22). They are located at an altitude of more than 400 meters above the ground and are considered the world’s highest clock.
New York world trade center (USA)
The tallest buildings in the world. The world trade center in new York.
This 104-story skyscraper is the tallest structure in the United States. The construction of the world trade Center (also known as the Freedom Tower) was completed in 2013. The building stands on the site of the world trade center destroyed by terrorists. It is the tallest office building in the world and in the Western hemisphere. The height of the building is 541 m 30 cm (1776 ft). This accuracy is not accidental. It was in 1776 that the most important document in the country’s history, the Declaration of Independence, was adopted.
The Freedom tower is built of reinforced concrete, and the base (57 m high) is made of a concrete monolith. To make the structure not seem heavy, the facade was covered with blue prismatic glass. The building houses representative offices of international corporations, publishers, and TV companies.
Taipei 101 – Taipei, Taiwan.
The tallest buildings in the world. Taipei 101-Taipei.
The height of the skyscraper is 509.2 m, 101 ground floors, and five floors underground. Construction of Taipei 101 began in 1999. The building is one of the main symbols of modern Taipei and all of Taiwan. Its postmodern architectural style combines modern traditions and ancient Chinese architecture. The number 101 in the name of a skyscraper has many meanings. In the national culture, 101 symbolizes the desire for perfection, because 100 is considered an ideal number.
The building has high-speed elevators that go up at a speed of 60.6 km / h. From the fifth floor to the observation deck on the 89th can be reached in 39 seconds (the speed of the Elevator is 16.83 m/s). The tower is able to withstand wind gusts of up to 60 m/s (216 km/h) and the strongest earthquakes that occur in this region once every 2500 years. News Week Magazine in 2006 named Taipei 101 “the new wonder of the world”.
The official opening took place on November 17, 2003. Various events related to sports, politics and show business are constantly held in Taipei 101. The building is also a popular venue for exhibitions and scientific conferences.
On December 25, 2004, the tower was conquered by the French “spider-man” Alain Robert. The height was subdued to it in 4 hours. On June 15, 2008, German athlete Thomas Dold won the race on the stairs of a skyscraper, climbing to the 91st floor of the building in 10 minutes and 53 seconds.
World financial center, Shanghai (China)
The tallest buildings in the world. World financial center, Shanghai.
The construction of a skyscraper in Shanghai was completed in the summer of 2008. The unofficial name of the tower is “opener”. At that time, the 492-meter-tall building was considered the second-tallest building in the world. The structure has passed all tests for seismic stability and can withstand an earthquake of up to seven points.
The building contains office space, a Museum, a hotel, and multi-level Parking. On the hundredth floor there is a unique observation deck with a magnificent panorama of modern Shanghai.
International commercial center, Hong Kong.
The tallest buildings in the world. International commercial center, Hong Kong.
The 484-meter skyscraper was built in 2010 in the Western part of the Kowloon district of Hong Kong. the 118-story building is the tallest in the city. The top floors of the skyscraper are occupied by the five-star Ritz-Carlton hotel, located at an altitude of 425 meters, which makes it the tallest hotel on the planet. The building also has the world’s highest swimming pool, located on the 118th floor.
Petronas twin towers, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)
The tallest buildings in the world. Petronas twin towers.
The towers are a real masterpiece of architecture, built according to all the laws of Islamic art. Each of them is made in the form of an eight-pointed star with semicircular projections – a sacred symbol of integrity and harmony. The structure, built in 1998, is the main attraction of the capital of Malaysia. Two identical skyscrapers are 452 meters high and have 88 floors each. The towers are connected by an original glass passage at the level of the forty-first floor.
For the skyscraper, high-tech and elastic concrete was developed, from which the towers were built. Specialists carefully monitored the quality of the material and once, during routine measurements, found the slightest error in the quality of concrete. The builders had to completely disassemble one floor of the building and build it over again.
The Petronas twin towers were considered the tallest building in the world from 1998 to 2004. Now the premises of the buildings are rented by large corporations, including Reuters, Microsoft, and Aveva. There are also elite shopping establishments, an art gallery, an aquarium and a science center.