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Milan Cathedral

“What a miracle! This great, this solemn, this is huge! And yet so delicate, so airy and graceful!” Mark TWAIN

Extremely huge white marble Cathedral in the main square of Milan is one of the most famous buildings in Europe. It is the largest Gothic Cathedral and the fourth largest Catholic Cathedral in the world, after the cathedrals of our lady of Peace in ivory coast. St. Peter’s in Rome and St. Paul’s in London. Among the Gothic buildings in terms of capacity, it is second only to the Seville Cathedral in Spain. One only of statues in the Cathedral there are more than three thousand. Beauty of the Milan Cathedral is often compared to the Sagrada Familia. but the Milanese say their Cathedral is much older and more beautiful.

Myths and facts

Milan Cathedral was under construction forever. On the spot where once stood the sanctuary of Celtic, then Roman temple of Minerva, at the beginning of the V century Saint Ambrose constructed the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore. When a fire in 1075 year damaged the building, it was restored as a Cathedral. Continue reading

The oldest city in the world

Jericho

The history of Jericho goes back centuries. Archaeological excavations have determined the age of the city is eight thousand years BC. The name Jericho means moon, month “yareach”.

The name of the city tells that it was compared with nocturnal luminary of the earth and, therefore, was of great importance. It has a unique location below sea level to 260 meters.

Now it is located on Palestinian territory in the Jordan river, with its Western side, about a dozen miles from the Dead sea.

This ancient city has a rich history. Many times he was destroyed, but was reborn from the ashes like a Phoenix. Despite the destruction, Jericho was inhabited since the moment of Foundation till the present time continuously. And where people live, there is history of humanity.

The bronze age

The city is repeatedly mentioned in the Bible. Perhaps those fragments of walls Dating to the bronze age, which archaeologists have found, are those, which was destroyed with a loud sound of trumpets, called in the old Testament Jericho.

You need to tell us a little about biblical history, which is the oldest city in the world – Jericho. The old Testament povestvuet that in 12-13 centuries BC, the Hebrews, rukovoditelyam Naveen, came to conquer Jericho. They surrounded the walled city. Continue reading

Gothic art

The classical expression of the Gothic style got in France — the Motherland of Gothic cathedrals. In the 12-14 centuries is the Association of French lands, the state is formed, laying the Foundation of national culture. The first monuments of French Gothic architecture originated in the province of Ile-de-France (Saint-Denis Abbot Suger), the heart of the Royal possessions. In these temples preserved some features of Romanesque architecture: the massive walls of smooth, sculpted sculpting models, the heaviness of the towers of the facade, the clarity of the compositions, calm horizontal divisions on four tiers, massive monumental simplicity of forms, the parsimony of the décor.

The greatest buildings of the early Gothic Cathedral of Notre Dame (Notre Dame, founded in 1163, completed until the mid 13th century; the crown of chapels in the early 14th century Il. 81, 82), characterized, in spite of numerous completion, the integrity of the appearance.

The hunchback of Notre Dame Continue reading

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