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Milan Cathedral

“What a miracle! This great, this solemn, this is huge! And yet so delicate, so airy and graceful!” Mark TWAIN

Extremely huge white marble Cathedral in the main square of Milan is one of the most famous buildings in Europe. It is the largest Gothic Cathedral and the fourth largest Catholic Cathedral in the world, after the cathedrals of our lady of Peace in ivory coast. St. Peter’s in Rome and St. Paul’s in London. Among the Gothic buildings in terms of capacity, it is second only to the Seville Cathedral in Spain. One only of statues in the Cathedral there are more than three thousand. Beauty of the Milan Cathedral is often compared to the Sagrada Familia. but the Milanese say their Cathedral is much older and more beautiful.

Myths and facts

Milan Cathedral was under construction forever. On the spot where once stood the sanctuary of Celtic, then Roman temple of Minerva, at the beginning of the V century Saint Ambrose constructed the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore. When a fire in 1075 year damaged the building, it was restored as a Cathedral. Continue reading

Gothic art

The classical expression of the Gothic style got in France — the Motherland of Gothic cathedrals. In the 12-14 centuries is the Association of French lands, the state is formed, laying the Foundation of national culture. The first monuments of French Gothic architecture originated in the province of Ile-de-France (Saint-Denis Abbot Suger), the heart of the Royal possessions. In these temples preserved some features of Romanesque architecture: the massive walls of smooth, sculpted sculpting models, the heaviness of the towers of the facade, the clarity of the compositions, calm horizontal divisions on four tiers, massive monumental simplicity of forms, the parsimony of the décor.

The greatest buildings of the early Gothic Cathedral of Notre Dame (Notre Dame, founded in 1163, completed until the mid 13th century; the crown of chapels in the early 14th century Il. 81, 82), characterized, in spite of numerous completion, the integrity of the appearance.

The hunchback of Notre Dame Continue reading

The most mysterious building of Kronstadt

Not far from Kronstadt of water rise from the silent walls of the Fort “Emperor Alexander I” or “Plague”. The history of abandoned structures, in which a hundred years ago there was a mysterious laboratory, is still stirring imagination of residents.

What is the Fort? The word Fort comes from the Latin fortis and the French fort, which means strong and sturdy, and the fortification is to strengthen and build defensive structures.

Fort “Emperor Alexander I” (“Plague”) is one of long-term defensive structures included in the system of defense of Kronstadt. Located on a small artificial island South of Kotlin island. From 1899 to 1917 has been used as a laboratory to study the plague.

Since 1923 strengthening again passed into the hands of the military, who created the warehouse mine-sweeping equipment. And by 1983, the Fort was abandoned. Continue reading

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