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The oldest city in the world

Jericho

The history of Jericho goes back centuries. Archaeological excavations have determined the age of the city is eight thousand years BC. The name Jericho means moon, month “yareach”.

The name of the city tells that it was compared with nocturnal luminary of the earth and, therefore, was of great importance. It has a unique location below sea level to 260 meters.

Now it is located on Palestinian territory in the Jordan river, with its Western side, about a dozen miles from the Dead sea.

This ancient city has a rich history. Many times he was destroyed, but was reborn from the ashes like a Phoenix. Despite the destruction, Jericho was inhabited since the moment of Foundation till the present time continuously. And where people live, there is history of humanity.

The bronze age

The city is repeatedly mentioned in the Bible. Perhaps those fragments of walls Dating to the bronze age, which archaeologists have found, are those, which was destroyed with a loud sound of trumpets, called in the old Testament Jericho.

You need to tell us a little about biblical history, which is the oldest city in the world – Jericho. The old Testament povestvuet that in 12-13 centuries BC, the Hebrews, rukovoditelyam Naveen, came to conquer Jericho. They surrounded the walled city. Continue reading

Gothic art

The classical expression of the Gothic style got in France — the Motherland of Gothic cathedrals. In the 12-14 centuries is the Association of French lands, the state is formed, laying the Foundation of national culture. The first monuments of French Gothic architecture originated in the province of Ile-de-France (Saint-Denis Abbot Suger), the heart of the Royal possessions. In these temples preserved some features of Romanesque architecture: the massive walls of smooth, sculpted sculpting models, the heaviness of the towers of the facade, the clarity of the compositions, calm horizontal divisions on four tiers, massive monumental simplicity of forms, the parsimony of the décor.

The greatest buildings of the early Gothic Cathedral of Notre Dame (Notre Dame, founded in 1163, completed until the mid 13th century; the crown of chapels in the early 14th century Il. 81, 82), characterized, in spite of numerous completion, the integrity of the appearance.

The hunchback of Notre Dame Continue reading

The Amiens Cathedral

Amiens is the main city of Picardy, a historical region in North-Western France, situated on the river Somme. In the center stands a huge Cathedral – the largest Gothic building in France.

The AMIENS CATHEDRAL, one of the most famous Gothic cathedrals in the world and one of the largest in France (length 145 km). The main part of it built in 1218-1279 project of Robert de Luzarches and his successors Volume and Renaud de Cormon. Between 1373 1549 and in the late Gothic style were built the towers of the Western facade and some other parts of the building. The main features of the great French cathedrals of the high Gothic era developed in the architecture of the cathedrals of Chartres and Reims. The Notre Dame Cathedral in Amiens is one of the most courageous, graceful and harmonious architectural solutions of a Gothic Church. On the Western facade of the building there are three sculpted portals; the Central portal is decorated with the famous statue of the blessing Christ. The main nave (height of 42.5 meters, width of 14.3 m) is a three-tiered structure: in the middle tier for arcade of triforia is a narrow gallery. Continue reading

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