Amiens is the main city of Picardy, a historical region in North-Western France, situated on the river Somme. In the center stands a huge Cathedral – the largest Gothic building in France.
The AMIENS CATHEDRAL, one of the most famous Gothic cathedrals in the world and one of the largest in France (length 145 km). The main part of it built in 1218-1279 project of Robert de Luzarches and his successors Volume and Renaud de Cormon. Between 1373 1549 and in the late Gothic style were built the towers of the Western facade and some other parts of the building. The main features of the great French cathedrals of the high Gothic era developed in the architecture of the cathedrals of Chartres and Reims. The Notre Dame Cathedral in Amiens is one of the most courageous, graceful and harmonious architectural solutions of a Gothic Church. On the Western facade of the building there are three sculpted portals; the Central portal is decorated with the famous statue of the blessing Christ. The main nave (height of 42.5 meters, width of 14.3 m) is a three-tiered structure: in the middle tier for arcade of triforia is a narrow gallery. Continue reading
Historians can’t find an explanation for the existence of many amazing buildings of antiquity that were built around the world.
The British Stonehenge is just one of many megalithic (giant stones ) structures that are widely distributed in Europe, especially in its Western part and in the British Islands. Stone monoliths in several tons weight are separate, in the form of a kind of the poles, vertically or horizontally, making together a similar goal and design sometimes forming circles.
With the help of new theories and recent discoveries by scientists are trying to find a connection between these located at a considerable distance from each other structures.
These stone structures have attracted the attention of Alexander Thom, a Scottish engineer and Professor at Oxford University. For several years he researched them thoroughly. The results of the survey and resulting theory were published in two books -“the Megalithic structures of Britain” 1967) and “Megalithic lunar observatories” (1971). Continue reading
Theories of different researchers about the knights Templar
In Western historiography for the past many years the trend was broad-based development in the study of the history of the Order of the Temple. The main thesis of these works is in the title of the Chapter. In Paris book shops and publishers offer many works and treatises, dedicated to the Order; some of them acceptable, others almost absurd. However, relative to French scientists Umberto Eco wrote: “the Carelessness of the French scientists concerning bibliographic footnotes are well-known. But this case has surpassed most of the bad expectations.” These words fully apply to research on the history of the Order. In fact, in the last quarter-century about the knights Templar have been put forward the most extravagant hypotheses, some of them, however, are not without Foundation.
1. The Templars and Gothic architecture. There is an opinion that the Templars or were the inspirers of the idea of Gothic cathedrals or Gothic cathedrals were built, or gave money to their building. Jacques de MAHIEU claims that less than a century the Templars built 80 cathedrals and smaller churches 70. Continue reading